Hedging is a kind of language use which ‘protects’ your claims.

Hedging is a kind of language use which ‘protects’ your claims.

Using language with a amount that is suitable of can protect your claims from being easily dismissed. It can also help to indicate the standard of certainty we have pertaining to the data or support.

Compare the following two short texts, (A) and (B). You will notice that even though two texts are, in essence, saying the thing that is same (B) has an important quantity of extra language across the claim. A large level of this language is performing the purpose of ‘hedging’.

Compare the next two texts that are short (A) and (B). How many differences can you see in the text that is second? What’s the function/effect/purpose of each and every difference?

You shall probably realize that (B) is much more ‘academic’, however it is important to understand why.

(A) Extensive reading helps students to enhance their vocabulary.

(B) Research conducted by Yen (2005) seems to indicate that, for an important proportion of students, extensive reading may contribute to a marked improvement within their active vocabulary. Yen’s (2005) study learners that are involved 15-16 when you look at the UK, although it could be applicable to many other groups. However, the study involved an opt-in sample, meaning that the sample students may have been more ‘keen’, or more involved in reading already. It will be beneficial to see if the findings differ in a wider sample.

(please be aware that Yen (2005) is a reference that is fictional only for example).

The table below provides some situations of language to use when knowledge that is making.

Try to find examples of hedging language in your reading that is own add to this table.

Phrases for Hedging

Language Function with Example Phrases

1) Quantifiers

a fraction
a minority/majority of
a proportion of
to a point

2) Appearance

appears to
has the looks of
is similar to
shares characteristics with
appears to stay in line with

3) Possibility

has the possibility of
has the potential to
is in a position to

4) Frequency

tends to
has a tendency to

5) Comparatively

in an easier way than .
more simply than …
When compared to …

Into the context of …
…in certain situations…
Within some households…

7) Ev >Based on …
As indicated by …
According to …

8) Description in language

can be described as
could be thought to be
is sometimes labelled
can be equated to
the term is actually used to mean
the term is actually used to mention to
this may indicate that …
this may declare that …

Language categories compiled and devised by Jane Blackwell

IOE Writing Centre Online

Self-access resources through the Academic Writing Centre in the UCL Institute of Education.

Still need help? Ask and respond to questions on academic writing on our Moodle forum:
Q & A Forum

Academic Centre that is writing Institute of Education

Essays often sound tough, but they are the simplest way to publish an extended answer.
In this lesson, we shall look at how exactly to write essay writing service for college one.


Start your answer, and list what you would about be writing

Write on the ideas that may reply to your question


Re-write exactly what your ideas are and say why they have been answered by you

Arguments, Keywords and Definitions

That we will use to describe what you do for essay writing structure before we start going through how an essay works, we need to go through three terms.
Argument = most of the main points you are planning to come up with in your essay.
Keywords = words that are important components of the question
Definition = A one-sentence summary of the whole essay which you write in your introduction.
We shall go through some situations in a moment.

Basic Introduction

To write your introduction, follow these steps. Each one of these steps means you begin a new sentence.

  • Rewrite the question using keywords, range from the name of text(s) and s that are author(
  • Write a single sentence answer (definition)
  • List all of the main points of your argument

Exemplory case of an Introduction

Are pigs in a position to fly? (Question)
Pigs are unable to fly. (Re-write of question)
they can’t fly because their bodies don’t allow them to. (Definition)
they truly are too heavy to float, they don’t have wings or propellers, plus they cannot control aircraft. (Main Points)

The body forms most of one’s essay.
This is the most important part of each essay you write.
In your body, you have to argue all your points that are main explain why they reply to your question.
Each main point ought to be in a new paragraph.

Each main point should really be in a paragraph that is different. Each paragraph ought to be set out similar to this:

  • Topic Sentence: a short sentence where you repeat one main point from your own introduction.
  • Discussion: Explain why your main point is right and present main reasons why.
  • Evidence: Proof that you get from a text, a quote, or a ‘fact’. It should prove that the answer is right.
  • Lead out: Finish the point that is main it is possible to go to the next.

Exemplory case of a Body Paragraph

Pigs are too heavy to float. (Topic Sentence)
Their large bodies and weight imply that they’re not able to float, which can be a proven way a creature can fly. To float a pig would have to be lighter than air. (discussion)
A pig weighs 200 kilograms, and this is why weight, it’s not lighter than air. (Evidence)
that is why, a pig is unable to float and cannot fly. (Lead out)

Conclusion of Essay Writing Structure

A conclusion is a summary that is short of you’ve got printed in your body paragraph.
It must ‘tie’ everything together.

As pigs aren’t able to float, they do have wings and cannot control aircraft, they unable to go into the air, and fly that is therefore cannot.

Laisser un commentaire